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Thread: What is Tuberculosis (TB) ?

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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Sep 2006
    Kerala, India

    Default What is Tuberculosis (TB) ?

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect organs in the central nervous system, lymphatic system and circulatory system among others. When a person becomes infected with TB, the bacteria in the lungs multiply causing pneumonia; the patient experiences chest pain and has a persistent cough which often brings up blood.

    Types of TB are - 1.
    Latent TB - the bacteria are inactive but present in the body.
    2. Active TB - the bacteria are active and make the patient ill.

    BCG Vaccine usually protects children and infants from TB.

    Symptoms : unexplained weight loss, fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, night sweats, chills, loss of appetite etc.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Sep 2006
    Kerala, India

    Default Diagnosis

    Diagnosis of active TB

    Patient must undergo a Sputum test / Blood test : IGRA (interferon-gamma release assays) / Skin test (
    Mantoux test) / Chest X-ray / computer tomography (CT) scan. The result has to be consulted with a doctor before attaining a conclusion.

    To prevent transmitting the disease to others if you are infected, stay home, cover your mouth, and ensure proper ventilation.

    Treatment : Active TB is also treated with INH in combination with other drugs such as rifampin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide. One has to take medicines for a lifetime even if TB is cured to prevent drug resistant TB.

    Kerala State TB Cell, General Hospital Jn., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 035.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Aug 2015


    Our government has taken the right step to prevent it and i think this diseases is not big problem now a days.Because there are many medicine for preventing it./

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