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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Location
    India
    Posts
    11,004

    Default Useful Ubuntu Terminal commands


    Movement In The directory


    * cd - Change Directory
    * pwd - Print Working Directory

    Managing Files and Text

    * cp - Copy
    * ls - List
    * mkdir - Make Directory
    * mv - Move
    * rm - Remove
    * grep - Search for Text Strings
    * head - Display Start of File
    * less - Display Part of File
    * more - Display Part of File
    * tail - View the End of a File

    Managing System and Program Information

    * cal - Calendar
    * date - Date

    Troubleshooting

    * fsck - File System Check

    Managing Network Connections

    * chkconfig - Check Activated Services
    * ping - Test Network Connections
    * ftp - file Transfer Protocol
    * host - Check IP of Domain
    * ifconfig - Configure Network Devices
    * netstat - Display Routing Table
    * route - Set Routes
    * telnet - Connect to telnet
    * traceroute - Display Route

    Manage Drives and Formats

    * mount - Mount a Drive
    * umount - Unmount Drive
    * fdisk - Format Disk
    * dd - Dupliate Disk
    * df - Disk Free Space

    Managing Rights to Files and Directories

    * chmod - Change Mode
    * su - Switch User

    Managing Users and Groups

    * passwd - Create Password
    * groupadd - Add a Group
    * groupmod - Modify a Group
    * chgrp - Change Group
    * groupdel - Delete Group

    * sudo command Executing Commands with Elevated Privileges

    Most of the following commands will need to be prefaced with the sudo command. This elevates privileges to the root-user administrative level temporarily, which is necessary when working with directories or files not owned by your user account. When using sudo you will be prompted for your password. Only users with sudo (administrative) privileges will be able to use this command.

    * apt-get - used to install, remove, upgrade and more.
    Last edited by melbin; 03-16-2010 at 10:56 AM.
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  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    Posts
    7

    Default some more

    * file - typechecking of one or more files
    * sleep - wait x seconds until continue with the next command
    * pidof - get pid in an useful format
    * ps - the ultimate system monitor for command line - also good for scripts
    * cat - print out a file in the command line
    * crontab - time-driven events
    * man - open the manual of programms - the most important command

    also take a look in coreutils

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
    Posts
    2

    Default

    thanks its cool

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