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Thread: How to install XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux and running as normal user

  1. #1
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    Default How to install XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux and running as normal user

    Install XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux and running as Normal User

    This is an important tutorial on how to install and completely configure XAMPP to run without problems on Ubuntu Linux.

    To proceed please make sure you have the following requirements:

    * Linux Ubuntu operating system - This tutorial has been written using Ubuntu 10.04 - Lucid Lynx
    * XAMPP Linux Version installer - You can go to the XAMPP Linux Page and use the actual download link.

    At the time this tutorial was written, the latest XAMPP version for Linux was 1.7.3a.

    This installation using the latest release will enable you to make PHP-based websites (to be tested locally using Linux XAMPP) that have the following important features:

    * PHP 5.3.1
    * Apache 2.2.14
    * MySQL 5.1.41
    * phpMyAdmin 3.2.4
    Last edited by melbin; 07-01-2010 at 07:52 AM.
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    Default Step 1: Checking the MD5 Checksum of the downloaded installer

    Step 1: Checking the MD5 Checksum of the downloaded installer

    After you download the XAMPP installer for Linux, you need to check the integrity of the installer by checking the MD5 Checksum of the downloaded installer and comparing it with the correct one. If they are not the same, the installer you have downloaded may be "corrupt" or "incomplete;" hence, it will not run properly when installed.

    You can get the "correct value" of the MD5 checksum on the XAMPP Linux Page:
    apache friends - xampp for linux

    Now, using the Linux terminal (Applications - Accessories - Terminal), go to the Ubuntu download directory

    Actual command:

    [email protected]:~$ cd Downloads
    Log in as root, type this in the terminal, and then enter your Linux password:

    [email protected]:~/Downloads$ sudo -s -H
    Next, type in the terminal:
    md5sum xamppinstallername.tar.gz
    Replace xamppinstaller.tar.gz with the actual file name of the downloaded archived installer. In this case, that would be xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz

    Below is the actual terminal command and its result

    [email protected]:/home/melbin/Downloads# md5sum xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz
    89c13779cf6f0925d5c1c400d31a1cc3 xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz

    And here is the correct value based on the XAMPP Linux page

    89c13779cf6f0925d5c1c400d31a1cc3

    The Md5sum matches, and the installer is OK.
    Last edited by melbin; 07-01-2010 at 07:50 AM.
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    Default Step 2: Run the Installer in Ubuntu Linux

    Step 2: Run the Installer in Ubuntu Linux

    The next step assumes you are still on the Ubuntu Download Directory (my path is: /home/melbin/Downloads) and still logged in as root. Into the terminal, enter the command below:

    [email protected]:/home/melbin/Downloads# tar xvfz xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz -C /opt
    Double check that the syntax is correct before proceeding, and then press enter. Linux will extract the files in the archive and place them in the /opt/ path on your Linux computer.

    After this is done, reboot your computer with:

    [email protected]:/home/melbin/Downloads# sudo reboot
    The third step in this process is to verify your installation. Log in in as root again, and then try starting XAMPP. You should not see any errors. (Below is an example of a successful installation):

    [email protected]:/home/melbin# /opt/lampp/lampp start
    Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.3a...

    XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)...

    XAMPP: Starting MySQL...

    XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD...

    XAMPP for Linux started.
    Last edited by melbin; 07-01-2010 at 07:49 AM.
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    Default Step 3: Change the Owner to Your Own Linux Account

    Step 3: Change the Owner to Your Own Linux Account

    By default, if you are using Linux, you are not the root unless you log in as root. This can be difficult when editing, saving and writing files to /opt/ directory (where XAMPP has been installed). This is because the owner of that is still not you; it is the root.

    You need to configure a change of ownership so that you will own your files that will be saved in the HTDOCS directory (the directory where you will save your PHP files for testing in the web browser). To do this, go through the steps below in order.

    1. In terminal, log in as root and then go to the /opt/lampp directory:

    Actual command:
    [email protected]:/home/melbin# cd /opt/lampp
    2.) Enter ls -l

    Actual command :
    [email protected]:/opt/lampp# ls -l
    Linux will list the owners of the file and directories. Note that htdocs is owned by nobody - root

    3. To change the owner from nobody -- root to your own Linux Ubuntu username:

    chown -R yourlinuxusername:yourlinuxusername htdocs
    My Linux username is: melbin, so for me, the actual command is:

    [email protected]2:/opt/lampp# chown -R melbin:melbin htdocs
    4. You also need to associate ownership of your Linux username with the Apache configuration. In this case type cd etc in the terminal:

    Actual command:
    [email protected]:/opt/lampp# cd etc
    5. Now you are in the etc directory. Type gedit httpd.conf. This will show the Linux text editor in the terminal:

    Actual command:
    [email protected]:/opt/lampp/etc# gedit httpd.conf
    Be careful when editing; a single mistake can make the Apache web server inoperable. So find the line:

    User nobody

    Group nogroup

    </IfModule>

    </IfModule>
    Change this to:

    User melbin

    Group nogroup

    </IfModule>

    </IfModule>
    Of course, you need to replace my Linux username (melbin) with your own username. If you are done editing, Save the file and exit the editor.
    Last edited by melbin; 07-01-2010 at 07:41 AM.
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    Default Step 4: Browser Configuration in XAMPP

    Step 4: Browser Configuration in XAMPP

    The next important thing after changing ownership is to confirm three things. First, that XAMPP works nicely with a web browser; second, that the proper language (yours) is selected; and third, that the MySQL databases (phpMyAdmin) are configured. To accomplish these objectives, go through the sequence of steps below.

    First, go to the Linux root directory. Here is the actual command:

    [email protected]:/opt/lampp/etc# cd /
    Second, restart XAMPP in the Linux terminal (/opt/lampp/lampp restart). Here is the actual command and result (make sure you do not see any errors):

    [email protected]:/# /opt/lampp/lampp restart
    Stopping XAMPP for Linux 1.7.3a...

    XAMPP: Stopping Apache with SSL...

    XAMPP: Stopping MySQL...

    XAMPP: Stopping ProFTPD...

    XAMPP stopped.

    Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.3a...

    XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)...

    XAMPP: Starting MySQL...

    XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD...

    XAMPP for Linux started.
    Third, open the Firefox web browser and in the address bar enter:

    http://localhost

    Fourth, when the XAMPP splash page has been displayed, select your language. You should then see the following message on the system:

    You successfully installed XAMPP on this system!

    Fifth, in the tools at the XAMPP navigation menu, click phpMyAdmin.

    You will then see an error: Existing configuration file (./config.inc.php) is not readable.

    This is because the affected file of this error config.inc.php is not set to your Linux username. To fix this, in the Linux terminal, go to /opt/lampp/phpmyadmin directory. Here is the actual command:

    [email protected]:/# cd /opt/lampp/phpmyadmin
    Now that you are in the phpmyadmin directory, you need to set the ownership of the file config.inc.php to your own Linux username (replace my username with yours). Here is the actual command:

    [email protected]:/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin# chown melbin:melbin config.inc.php
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    Default Step 5: Configure Linux XAMPP Security

    Step 5: Configure Linux XAMPP Security

    First, log in as root. Then go to your Linux root directory (/) and type:

    /opt/lampp/lampp security
    Answer "YES" to all and type the password. You cannot see it while typing, but XAMPP will verify it. Here is the actual series of commands in the Linux terminal:

    [email protected]:/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin# cd /

    [email protected]:/# /opt/lampp/lampp security
    XAMPP: Quick security check...

    XAMPP: Your XAMPP pages are NOT secured by a password.

    XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes

    XAMPP: Password:

    XAMPP: Password (again):

    XAMPP: Password protection active. Please use 'lampp' as user name!

    XAMPP: The MySQL/phpMyAdmin user pma has no password set!!!

    XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes

    XAMPP: Password:

    XAMPP: Password (again):

    XAMPP: Setting new MySQL pma password.

    XAMPP: Setting phpMyAdmin's pma password to the new one.

    XAMPP: MySQL has no root password set!!!

    XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes

    XAMPP: Write the password somewhere down to make sure you won't forget it!!!

    XAMPP: Password:

    XAMPP: Password (again):

    XAMPP: Setting new MySQL root password.

    XAMPP: Change phpMyAdmin's authentication method.

    XAMPP: The FTP password for user 'nobody' is still set to 'lampp'.

    XAMPP: Do you want to change the password? [yes] yes

    XAMPP: Password:

    XAMPP: Password (again):

    XAMPP: Reload ProFTPD...

    XAMPP: Done.
    Since there is a database configuration file alteration, you need to change the ownership back to your username (it's the same process you went through in the earlier section):

    In the Linux terminal:

    [email protected]:/# cd /opt/lampp/phpmyadmin
    [email protected]:/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin# chown melbin:melbin config.inc.php
    Finally restart XAMPP Again with /opt/lampp/lampp restart

    Here is the actual command:

    [email protected]:/# /opt/lampp/lampp restart
    Stopping XAMPP for Linux 1.7.3a...

    XAMPP: Stopping Apache with SSL...

    XAMPP: Stopping MySQL...

    XAMPP: Stopping ProFTPD...

    XAMPP stopped.

    Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.3a...

    XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)...

    XAMPP: Starting MySQL...

    XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD...

    XAMPP for Linux started.
    You should not see any error.
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    Default Step 6: Test Your Overall Installation Process

    Step 6: Test Your Overall Installation Process

    You are almost finished! You need to double-check your XAMPP installation using the process below.

    1. Clear your entire browsing history and cache. In Firefox: Tools - Clear Recent History - set to "Everything" and check all options available. Then click "Clear Now."

    2. Visit http://localhost, and log in with your XAMPP username/password that you configured in the earlier section. If you are able to log in without error, your login configuration is correct.

    3. Click the phpMyAdmin link again in the XAMPP menu. You should now be able to see the phpMyAdmin login page since you already changed the ownership of the config.inc.php file in the earlier section. Try logging in with your MySQL username and password. You should not see any errors.

    Important: the MySQL database in phpMyAdmin has two accounts, one with pma as the usename, while the other uses root as the username. Both are accessible using the same passwords.

    If you were successful in this step, congratulations. You have completely installed and configured XAMPP to run in Ubuntu under your own username. If your computer is configured to have a Windows XP dual boot with Ubuntu, you can create a backup of your Windows-based XAMPP htdocs files to your Linux XAMPP htdocs, with its corresponding databases.

    Important: do not overwrite or delete these following important default files inside your htdocs:

    * webalizer
    * xampp
    * favicon.ico
    * index.php

    They are installed by default and needed for normal operation.

    Tip: To start XAMPP automatically after any reboot or computer restart (as in Windows), follow the procedure below.

    1. Launch the Linux terminal and log in in as root.

    2. Enter the following commands one after another:

    sudo ln -s /opt/lampp/lampp /etc/init.d/lampp
    sudo update-rc.d -f lampp defaults
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    Default Advanced start and stop parameters

    /opt/lampp/lampp start Starts XAMPP.
    /opt/lampp/lampp stop Stops XAMPP.
    /opt/lampp/lampp restart Stops and starts XAMPP.
    /opt/lampp/lampp startapache Starts only the Apache.
    /opt/lampp/lampp startssl Starts the Apache SSL support.
    /opt/lampp/lampp startmysql Starts only the MySQL database.
    /opt/lampp/lampp startftp Starts the ProFTPD server.
    /opt/lampp/lampp stopapache Stops the Apache.
    /opt/lampp/lampp stopssl Stops the Apache SSL support.
    /opt/lampp/lampp stopmysql Stops the MySQL database.
    /opt/lampp/lampp stopftp Stops the ProFTPD server.
    /opt/lampp/lampp security Starts a small security check programm.

    For example: To start Apache with SSL support simply type in the following command (as root):
    /opt/lampp/lampp startssl
    You can also access your Apache server via SSL under https://localhost.


    Important Files and Directories

    /opt/lampp/bin/ The XAMPP commands home.
    /opt/lampp/htdocs/ The Apache DocumentRoot directory.
    /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf The Apache configuration file.
    /opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf The MySQL configuration file.
    /opt/lampp/etc/php.ini The PHP configuration file.
    /opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf The ProFTPD configuration file. (since 0.9.5)
    /opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php The phpMyAdmin configuration file.

    Stopping XAMPP

    To stop XAMPP simply call this command (as root):

    /opt/lampp/lampp stop
    You should now see:


    Stopping LAMPP 1.7.3a...
    LAMPP: Stopping Apache...
    LAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
    LAMPP stopped.


    And XAMPP for Linux is stopped.

    Uninstall

    To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command (as root) :

    rm -rf /opt/lampp
    Last edited by melbin; 07-03-2010 at 09:19 AM.
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