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Thread: LCD Computer Advantages and Disadvantages

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Nov 2009

    Default LCD Computer Advantages and Disadvantages

    LCD Advantages

    1. Sharpness
    Image is perfectly sharp at the native resolution of the panel. LCDs using an analog input require careful adjustment of pixel tracking/phase .

    2. Geometric Distortion
    Zero geometric distortion at the native resolution of the panel. Minor distortion for other resolutions because the images must be rescaled.

    3. Brightness
    High peak intensity produces very bright images. Best for brightly lit environments.

    4. Screen Shape
    Screens are perfectly flat.

    5. Physical
    Thin, with a small footprint. Consume little electricity and produce little heat.

    LCD Disadvantages

    1. Resolution
    Each panel has a fixed pixel resolution format determined at the time of manufacture that can not be changed. All other image resolutions require rescaling, which generally results in significant image degradation, particularly for fine text and graphics. For most applications should only be used at the native resolution of the panel. If you need fine text and graphics at more than one resolution do not get an LCD display.

    2. Interference
    LCDs using an analog input require careful adjustment of pixel tracking/phase in order to reduce or eliminate digital noise in the image. Automatic pixel tracking/phase controls seldom produce the optimum setting. Timing drift and jitter may require frequent readjustments during the day. For some displays and video boards you may not be able to entirely eliminate the digital noise.

    3. Viewing Angle
    Limited viewing angle. Brightness, contrast, gamma and color mixtures vary with the viewing angle. Can lead to contrast and color reversal at large angles. Need to be viewed as close to straight ahead as possible.

    4. Black-Level, Contrast and Color Saturation
    LCDs have difficulty producing black and very dark grays. As a result they generally have lower contrast than CRTs and the color saturation for low intensity colors is also reduced. Not suitable for use in dimly lit and dark environments.

    5. White Saturation
    The bright-end of the LCD intensity scale is easily overloaded, which leads to saturation and compression. When this happens the maximum brightness occurs before reaching the peak of the gray-scale or the brightness increases slowly near the maximum. Requires careful adjustment of the Contrast control.

    6. Color and Gray-Scale Accuracy
    The internal Gamma and gray-scale of an LCD is very irregular. Special circuitry attempts to fix it, often with only limited success. LCDs typically produce fewer than 256 discrete intensity levels. For some LCDs portions of the gray-scale may be dithered. Images are pleasing but not accurate because of problems with black-level, gray-scale and Gamma, which affects the accuracy of the gray-scale and color mixtures. Generally not suitable for professional image color balancing.

    7. Bad Pixels and Screen Uniformity
    LCDs can have many weak or stuck pixels, which are permanently on or off. Some pixels may be improperly connected to adjoining pixels, rows or columns. Also, the panel may not be uniformly illuminated by the backlight resulting in uneven intensity and shading over the screen.

    8. Motion Artifacts
    Slow response times and scan rate conversion result in severe motion artifacts and image degradation for moving or rapidly changing images.

    9. Aspect Ratio
    LCDs have a fixed resolution and aspect ratio. For panels with a resolution of 1280x1024 the aspect ratio is 5:4=1.25, which is noticeably smaller than the 4:3=1.33 aspect ratio for almost all other standard display modes. For some applications may require switching to a letterboxed 1280x960, which has a 4:3 aspect ratio.

    10. Cost
    Considerably more expensive than comparable CRTs.

    Keywords:LCD Advantages, native resolution, panel,LCDs ,analog input , pixel tracking,Geometric Distortion, Minor distortion, environments,footprint,electricity ,LCD Disadvantages, image degradation, text ,graphics,LCD display,digital noise,Brightness, contrast, gamma, color mixtures ,CRTs ,color saturation , White Saturation,gray-scale ,color mixtures,Bad Pixels,Screen Uniformity, adjoining pixels, rows , columns, Motion Artifacts,Aspect Ratio,comparable CRTs.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Sep 2012


    Thanks for sharing these valuable tips about advantages and disadvantages of LCD. I have a question that if you have to choose between LCD and LED then what will be your choice.

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